The major beaches in Mumbai are Girgaum Chowpatty, Juhu Beach, Dadar Chowpatty, Gorai Beach, Marve Beach, Versova Beach, Madh Beach, Aksa Beach, and Manori Beach. [216] The city played host to the Indian National Congress six times during its L.A. is great, but sometimes you need a change of scenery. El centro urbano de Bombay se halla en la isla homónima de 70 km² de superficie … With available land at a premium, Mumbai residents often reside in cramped, relatively expensive housing, usually far from workplaces, and therefore requiring long commutes on crowded mass transit, or clogged roadways. Mumbai's history as a major trading centre has led to a diverse range of cultures, religions, and cuisines coexisting in the city. ", "McKelvey Engineering, IIT Bombay partner to study air pollution | The Source | Washington University in St. Louis", "GDP growth: Surat fastest, Mumbai largest", "City Development Plan (Economic Profile)", "Indian Ports Association, Operational Details", "Mumbai sixth among top 10 global cities on billionaire count", "Mumbai richest Indian city with total wealth of $820 billion, Delhi comes second: Report", "Worldwide Centres of Commerce Index 2008", "In Pictures: The Top 10 Cities For Billionaires", "Mumbai (Greater Mumbai) City Census 2011 data", "Official Website of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai", "Shiv Sena's Snehal Ambekar elected new Mumbai mayor", Office of the Commissioner of Police, Mumbai, "MMRDA – Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority", 100 glorious years: Indian National Congress, 1885–1985, "Bal Thackeray turned to Hindutva in 1985 to win elections: ex-Shiv Sena MP", "Stage Set for Third Phase Polls in Maharashtra", "Maharashtra Lok Sabha Election Result 2019, Maharashtra Assembly and General Poll Result 2019 – IndiaToday | IndiaToday", "Mumbai election results Live updates: Aditya Thackeray registers landslide victory from Worli", The Mumbai Municipal Corporation Act, 1888, "BMC results: Saffron alliance wins BMC with 75 seats", "Development of Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) in Mumbai", "What's Mumbai without the black beetles? [66] Perhaps at the beginning of the Common Era, or possibly earlier, they came to be occupied by the Koli fishing community. [359] Popular Marathi language magazines are Saptahik Sakaal, Grihashobhika, Lokrajya, Lokprabha & Chitralekha. The low sex ratio is partly because of the large number of male migrants who come to the city to work.[315]. According to the 2011 census, the population of Mumbai city was 12,479,608. [250] BEST buses are red in colour, based originally on the Routemaster buses of London. The Mumbai Fire Brigade, under the jurisdiction of the municipal corporation, is headed by the chief fire officer, who is assisted by four deputy chief fire officers and six divisional officers. [197], Mumbai has been ranked sixth among top ten global cities on the billionaire count with 28[198] and 46000 millionaires, with total wealth around $820 billion[199] 48th on the Worldwide Centres of Commerce Index 2008,[200] seventh in the list of "Top Ten Cities for Billionaires" by Forbes magazine (April 2008),[201] and first in terms of those billionaires' average wealth. [134] The Bombay Metropolitan Region Development Authority (BMRDA) was established on 26 January 1975 by the Government of Maharashtra as an apex body for planning and co-ordination of development activities in the Bombay metropolitan region. The remaining areas belong to various Defence establishments, the Mumbai Port Trust, the Atomic Energy Commission and the Borivali National Park, which are out of the jurisdiction of the MCGM. The Portuguese Franciscans and Jesuits built several churches in the city, prominent being the St. Michael's Church at Mahim (1534),[94] St. John the Baptist Church at Andheri (1579),[95] St. Andrew's Church at Bandra (1580),[96] and Gloria Church at Byculla (1632). eastern to Madh Marve on the western front. The post-WWII structures are as touristy as they are charming; walk around town to find an assortment of Christmas shops, Hans Christian Andersen and Little Mermaid keepsakes, and sort-of-Danish bakeries. In the newer suburbs, modern buildings dominate the landscape. It’s easy to get there from L.A. via Amtrak, and it’s a perfect way to day-trip because all the spots you’ll want to hit are within walking distance of the station. If you’re traveling with family, spend a few hours at the Santa Barbara Zoo (reservations required). It is possible that when the next Los Angeles earthquake strikes, 270,000 people could be displaced. [163] The underlying rock of the region is composed of black Deccan basalt flows, and their acidic and basic variants dating back to the late Cretaceous and early Eocene eras. [317] Dharavi, Asia's second largest slum (if Karachi's Orangi Town is counted as a single slum)[318] is located in central Mumbai and houses between 800,000 and one million people[319] in 2.39 square kilometres (0.92 sq mi), making it one of the most densely populated areas on Earth[320] with a population density of at least 334,728 persons per square kilometre. [192], Recent estimates of the economy of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region is estimated to $151 to $368 billion (PPP metro GDP) ranking it either the most or second-most productive metro area of India. The city eventually became the headquarters of the Bombay Presidency. [390] Thadomal Shahani Engineering College is the first and the oldest private engineering college affiliated to the federal University of Mumbai and is also pioneered to be the first institute in the city's university to offer undergraduate level courses in Computer Engineering, Information Technology, Biomedical Engineering and Biotechnology. Walk the city’s downtown area to find a mix of shops, galleries and restaurants; many eateries cater to the well heeled, so we suggest bringing a picnic lunch to enjoy on a bench at the hilltop Heisler Park. [130] Gujarati-speaking areas of Bombay State were partitioned into the state of Gujarat. Also, make sure to brush up on the latest local travel advice. Luckily, living in L.A. means it’s an easy and scenic drive from downtown to SoCal’s best beaches, small towns, wineries and gorgeous desert landscapes—all within three hours of the city. Continue on to Niland, made famous by artist Leonard Knight’s Salvation Mountain, a giant folk art monument made from adobe, straw and thousands of gallons of paint (you may remember it from Into the Wild). The government-funded institutions include the Jehangir Art Gallery and the National Gallery of Modern Art. [323] According to the 2016 report of the Central Pollution Control Board, Mumbai is the noisiest city in India, ahead of Lucknow, Hyderabad and Delhi. If you visit in spring, head south to Pinto Basin to see colorful wildflowers in bloom. [101] The islands were subsequently attacked by Yakut Khan, the Muslim Koli[102][103][104][105] admiral of the Mughal Empire, in October 1672,[106] Rickloffe van Goen, the Governor-General of Dutch India on 20 February 1673,[107] and Siddi admiral Sambal on 10 October 1673. [277], The proposed Navi Mumbai International airport to be built in the Kopra-Panvel area has been sanctioned by the Indian Government and will help relieve the increasing traffic burden on the existing airport. En 1928, le conseil municipal de Los Angeles acquiert un terrain de 640 acres dans la partie sud du quartier de Westchester pour en faire l'aéroport de la ville, nommé Mines Field [2].L'année suivante, en 1929, le hangar 1 est construit, celui-ci faisant aujourd'hui partie du Registre national des lieux historiques des États … Telegraph Brewing Co. (takeout only) is open seven days a week for tastes and tours.—Seth Kelley, Discover the best things to do in Santa Barbara, 2 hrs by carThere’s a reason Coronado has topped lists of the country’s best beaches: Its wide shores never feel overcrowded, the soft, fine-grained sand is easily walkable and the weather is practically perfect. [71] The city then was known as Heptanesia (Ancient Greek: A Cluster of Seven Islands) to the Greek geographer Ptolemy in 150 CE. [378] This is followed by either a general degree course in a chosen field of study, or a professional degree course, such as law, engineering and medicine. Built in 1833, the Asiatic Society of Bombay is one of the oldest public libraries in the city. For a drink with the locals, head to karaoke night (which is pretty much every night) at Murray’s Saloon (takeout only), the town’s self-proclaimed “five star hole in the wall.”—Kate Wertheimer, Discover the best things to do in Big Bear, 2 hrs 15 mins by carYou'll find Joshua Tree National Park on our shortlist for perfect day trips, roadtrips, and weekend getaways from L.A. And for good reason, the magical desert spot—with its gnarled, ancient namesake trees, picturesque cacti and giant boulders—should be on every traveler's bucket list. There are some good thrift shops around here, as well as the kind of quirky public art; be sure to check out the World Famous Crochet Museum, as well as prolific artist Andrea Zittel’s A-Z West tour (temporarily closed).—Kate Wertheimer, Discover the best things to do in Joshua Tree, 1 hr by carForget what you know from a certain unfortunate MTV reality show: Laguna Beach is an easygoing oceanfront city graced with lush vegetation, tidepools and a picturesque rocky coastline. [168] The cooler season from December to February is followed by the hotter season from March to May. [28] Along with construction of major roads and railways, the reclamation project, completed in 1845, transformed Bombay into a major seaport on the Arabian Sea. This unique blend of cultures is due to the migration of people from all over India since the British period. Sunset is the leading Western lifestyle brand. Mumbai consists of two distinct regions: Mumbai City district and Mumbai Suburban district, which form two separate revenue districts of Maharashtra. [21][22], The seven islands that constitute Mumbai were originally home to communities of Marathi language speaking Koli people. It scored 3.5 on 10 compared to the national average of 3.3.[209]. [10] Many of India's numerous conglomerates (including Larsen & Toubro, State Bank of India (SBI), Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC), Tata Group, Godrej and Reliance),[146] and five of the Fortune Global 500 companies are based in Mumbai. Mumbai is also home to National Institute of Industrial Engineering (NITIE), Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies (JBIMS), Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies (NMIMS), S P Jain Institute of Management and Research, Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) and several other management schools. [251] [65] It is not exactly known when these islands were first inhabited. Stearns Wharf is a go-to spot to see the Pacific, and nearby is State Street, filled with tons of shops and people-watching opportunities. [245], Mumbai's bus services carried over 5.5 million passengers per day in 2008,[234] which dropped to 2.8 million in 2015. [207], The municipal commissioner is the chief executive officer and head of the executive arm of the municipal corporation. Unreasonably folks out there – Senators – media – etc., are calling for some of out most brilliant scientists and others, who are simply skeptical of the wildest claims, to be … [110] The Portuguese presence ended in Bombay when the Marathas under Peshwa Baji Rao I captured Salsette in 1737, and Bassein in 1739. [280] Mumbai Port has one of the best natural harbours in the world, and has extensive wet and dry dock accommodation facilities. Many of the orchards, like Willowbrook Apple Farm (opens Labor Day weekend), offer a cider press to make your own cider, which you can pair with a cinnamon roll or apple dumpling from Apple Annie’s Restaurant & Bakery. Back in town, you can pick up pub fare at Leroy’s Kitchen + Lounge. [123] While the city was the capital of the Bombay Presidency, the Indian independence movement fostered the Quit India Movement in 1942 and the Royal Indian Navy mutiny in 1946. A $5.00 redemption fee is charged for each reward night redeemed unless you redeem on our app or if you have an open® Rewards Visa® Credit Card account. [206] The mayor, who serves for a term of two and a half years, is chosen through an indirect election by the councillors from among themselves. The textile industry in Bombay largely disappeared after the widespread 1982 Great Bombay Textile Strike, in which nearly 250,000 workers in more than 50 textile mills went on strike. 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