The mango scale, Aulacaspis tubercularis Newstead, is a pest in all mango producing areas in South Africa. 6. Biological Controls. ENTOMOPATHOGENICITY OF HYPHOMYCETE FUNGI TO FRUIT FLY Bactrocera invadens (Diptera: Tephritidae) AND THEIR POTENTIAL FOR BIOLOGICAL CONTROL ON MANGO BY OUNA ELIZABETH AWUOR REG. Poultry is an enormous help in fruit fly control. I56/11332/2004 “A THESIS RESEARCH SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF SCIENCE (MICROBIOLOGY) IN THE SCHOOL OF PURE AND APPLIED … General Abstract Mango production is an important activity in Senegal such as in the south part of the country, in Ziguinchor (Casamance). The Mexican fruit fly (Anastrepha ludens Loew) originated in Mexico, but has migrated to the southern United States, primarily Texas and California. Biological control is the use of fruit fly … Fruit flies need specific proteins to … Prospects of biological control of citrus insect pests in Pakistan J. Agric. However, avocado, mango and papaya are the most commonly attacked. It is good to know that the period of fruit ripening seems to attract laying females, and that late varieties are often the most affected. Mango mealy bug and fruit fly are serious pests of mango and are difficult to control by insecticides. For 17 years, Kitui mango farmers have had to deal with fruit flies that have destroyed their fruits, making them unfit for the market. Fruit flies are very mobile; it is therefore difficult to control fruit flies by spraying conventional insecticides. As part of the agreement, MSc and PhD students will also be involved in the research at the NEFR sites and the main laboratory. Importance of fruit flies •In India, Oriental fruit fly B. dorsalis is the most destructive fruit fly of mango, followed by Peach fruit fly B. zonata Saunders and Guava fruit fly B. correcta •The flies attack fruits at different stages of maturity but damage is more obvious at harvest maturity stages. The first synthetic chemical insecticide used to control fruit flies was DDT, which was later replaced by organophosphates. Biological control of the melon fly was undertaken by introducing Biosteres (Opius) fletcheri (Silv.) Over a glass of wine Jacques excitedly told me about a very successful trial he had done with a biological product to control fruit flies and he was now extending this across a larger part of our crop. (Braconidae) from India. Sustainable crop protection. This technique is used to determine the presence or absence of a pest in an area, track and identify distribution range, calendar time to control, effectiveness of Parasitism of Anastrepha spp. 1. International Journal of Pest Management: Vol. Seeing is believing, and so the next day I joined him in the one pear orchard where some of the trees are over 60 years old. (2006). Preharvest control. Ceratitis cosyra (mango fruit fly); C. cosyra extending its mouthparts on an upper leaf surface. Thailand was the third largest mango producer worldwide in 2018, next to India and China (FAO, 2018). Keywords: Mango production, Fruit fly infestation, Mean yield decrease loss, Producer risk loss . Biological control of fruit fly. Fig.1 Population dynamics of mango fruit fly during 2014 – 15 Trapping system is one of the most common tools for bio-systematic studies and biological control of fruit flies. IPM practices for Tomato pests : Neem soap and Pongamia soap for agriculture use : Management of seed borer in Sapota : IPM of mango … Testing several treatments developed an IPM strategy. 02.A). B). Biological control agents such as the predators Mallada boninensis and Chrysopa lacciperda, and preparation of the fungus Beauveria bassiana are very important and useful in controlling this pest. The mango fruit fly is causing huge losses to mangoes in the export market, practices that can be used to control the invasion of the two main species of fruit flies are being applied to reduce the probability of infestation. The larvae that emerge in the fruit cause damage to the fruits. Biological control of brinjal shoot and fruit borer : Biological control of tea mosquito bug Helopeltis antonii on guava : Trichoderma harzianum 1% W.P : Paecilomyces lilacinus 1% W.P : Pochonia chlamydposporia 1% W.P : IIHR-Pseudomonas fluorescens 1% W.P. The Biological Control Laboratory, based at SAU, will support 10 Natural Enemies Field Reservoirs (NEFRs) laboratories in the mango orchards at Tando Allah Ya district to manage the fruit fly and mango hopper. We have a number of things that we can do to reduce popUlations of fruit flies in mango orchards. Fallen fruit to accumulate under trees, phytopathological and entomological problems single largest crop damager in.... 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